AskDefine | Define burden

Dictionary Definition

burden

Noun

1 an onerous or difficult concern; "the burden of responsibility"; "that's a load off my mind" [syn: load, encumbrance, incumbrance, onus]
2 weight to be borne or conveyed [syn: load, loading]
3 the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work [syn: effect, essence, core, gist]
4 the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

Verb

1 weight down with a load [syn: burthen, weight, weight down] [ant: unburden]
2 impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; "He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend" [syn: charge, saddle]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

byrþen

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. Theme, core idea.
  2. A heavy load.
  3. A responsibility, onus.
  4. A cause of worry.

Translations

A heavy load
A responsibility, onus
A cause of worry

Verb

  1. To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word).

Translations

encumber

Extensive Definition

A burden is a heavy weight that is difficult to carry. Metaphorically it refers to anything difficult or troubling.
It is used in this meaning in:
Burden may also refer to:
burden in German: Burden
burden in French: Burden

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Spenserian stanza, accommodation, add, adjoin, affix, afflict, affliction, agglutinate, agitate, albatross, allegiance, amount, anacrusis, annex, antistrophe, append, arraignability, arraignableness, assigned task, attach, bag, bale, bane, barrel, basis, bass, bass passage, bear down on, bear hard upon, bis, bitter cup, bitter draft, bitter draught, bitter pill, blameworthiness, bloody hands, bob, body, book, bother, bottle, bounden duty, bourdon, box, bridge, bugbear, burden of care, burden with, burdening, burthen, business, busy, cadence, calamity, call of duty, can, cankerworm of care, canto, capacity, care, cargo, carload, cartload, case, censurability, censurableness, chant, chapter, charge, chargeability, charging, chest voice, chorus, clog, coda, coloratura, commitment, complicate, complicity, concern, conjoin, content, cordage, couplet, cramp, crate, criminality, cripple, cross, crown of thorns, crush one, crushing burden, culpability, cumber, cumbrance, curse, deadweight, death, decorate, dedication, deference, demand, destruction, development, devoir, devotion, difficulty, dirty hands, disadvantage, discomfort, disease, disquiet, distich, distress, disturb, ditto, division, drag, drive, drone, drone bass, duties and responsibilities, duty, embarrass, embarrassment, encumber, encumbrance, enjoin, enmesh, ensnarl, entangle, entoil, entrammel, entrap, entwine, envoi, epode, essence, ethics, evil, exact, exhaust, exposition, fag, falsetto, fasten upon, fealty, fetter, figure, fill, focus of attention, focus of interest, folderol, freight, freight with, gall, gall and wormwood, gist, glue on, go hard with, go ill with, gravamen, grievance, guilt, guiltiness, guilty conscience, hamper, hamstring, handicap, harm, harmonic close, haul, haunt, haunt the memory, head, head voice, heading, heap, heap up, heptastich, hexastich, hitch on, hobble, homage, impeachability, impeachableness, impede, impediment, impedimenta, imperative, implication, impose, impose on, impose upon, imposition, inconvenience, incubus, inculpation, incumbency, indictability, indictableness, infix, inflict on, inflict upon, infliction, interlude, intermezzo, introductory phrase, involve, involvement, issue, join with, keep busy, lade, lading, lame, lay, lay on, levy, lie on, lime, limit, line, line of duty, living issue, load, load with care, loading, loyalty, lumber, main point, mass, matter, matter in hand, measure, meat, millstone, mission, monostich, motif, motive, movement, musical phrase, musical sentence, must, nemesis, net, obligation, obsess, octastich, octave, octet, onus, open wound, oppress, oppression, ornament, ottava rima, ought, overburden, overdrive, overload, overtask, overtax, overtaxing, overweigh, overweight, overweighting, overwork, pack, pack away, pack of troubles, part, passage, paste on, payload, peccancy, peck of troubles, penalty, pentastich, period, perturb, pest, pestilence, phrase, pile, pith, place, plague, plus, pocket, point, point at issue, point in question, postfix, poundage, prefix, press down, press hard upon, pressure, prey on, problem, purport, put, put down, put on, put to it, put upon, put with, quantity, quatrain, question, red-handedness, refrain, repeat, repetend, reprehensibility, reproachableness, reprovability, reprovableness, resolution, respect, response, rest hard upon, rhyme royal, ritornello, room, rubric, running sore, sack, saddle, saddle with, saddling, scourge, sea of troubles, section, self-imposed duty, septet, sestet, set, sextet, shackle, ship, shipload, slap on, snarl, sorrow, space, stack, stanza, statement, stave, store, stow, stowage, strain, strophe, subject, subject matter, subject of thought, subject to, subjoin, substance, suffix, superadd, superincumbency, superpose, surcharge, sweat, syllable, tack on, tag, tag on, tailpiece, tangle, task, tax, taxing, tercet, terza rima, tetrastich, text, theme, thorn, thrust, tire, toil, tonnage, topic, torment, trailerload, trainload, trammel, treble, triplet, tristich, trouble, truckload, try one, tutti, tutti passage, undersong, unite with, upset, upshot, vanload, variation, verse, vexation, visitation, voce, voce di petto, voce di testa, voice, volume, waters of bitterness, wear out, weary, weigh, weigh down, weigh heavy on, weigh on, weigh upon, weight, weight down, weight down with, white elephant, woe, work, yoke with
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